Women Empowerment

What is women empowerment?

It is the process of giving women control over their choices and providing them with opportunities and resources that allow them to thrive. According to WHO, gender is a clinical determinant in mental health concerns and women are at greater risk of clinical disorders like depression, anxiety and somatic complaints.

Factors that adversely affect women’s mental health include:

  • Gender roles: for example, a woman is labelled with a role of home maker or a caregiver and the society pressurizes her and questions her choice when she wants to make a career or doesn’t want to be married or have a family.

  • Stereotypes: Stereotype leading to poor mental health include pressures by the society to take up a career they don’t like because its considered a suitable profession for them e.g healthcare or education industry professions.

  • Changing roles: Women transition from one phase to another in life, which requires psychological adjustment. This includes getting married, moving with in-laws in some cultures, having children and maintaining work-life balance.

  • Physiology of woman: A woman’s body goes through different hormonal changes especially during pregnancy, childbirth and menopause. Many women are at risk of developing depression in such phases but most of these phases are labelled as “mood swings” but the society and are often ignored.

So how can we empower women?

It can be done in many ways which include:

  • Educating each and every girl child at an early age about persueing the careers that they want, how they can overcome gender discrimination and stand up for themselves.

  • Giving them their rights.

  • Teaching women to raise their voice against any abuse.

  • Counseling

  1. Empowering women psychologically to help build self-esteem and self-efficacy by focusing on how they see themselves.

  2. To develop self-awareness so they can address their physical and emotional needs.

  3. To enhance self-confidence and gain positivity about themselves.

  4. Gain awareness and cope with stress and trauma of the past, present and the future as well.

How has empowerment changed the mental health of women?

Due to the changing trends, women have been trying to constantly break stereotypes in job contexts, hobbies and interests. Gender inequality is less rigid now, women are now providers not just nurturers. Women have started to value themselves, stand up and speak for themselves. They have learned to raise their voice against domestic, physical and mental abuse. They have learned to make new paths for themselves. All of these have taken a positive turn on mental health of women globally.


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